首页 >> 教育频道 >> 考试·考证 >> 考试快讯_停更 >> 揭秘托福作文独立任务满分真相 三大核心不可少

揭秘托福作文独立任务满分真相 三大核心不可少

2016年12月22日 16:23 来源:沪江英语 
首先我们先从结构、内容和语言三个方面揭秘托福作文独立任务得满分的真相。按题材划分,独立任务属于议论文,而论点、理由、论据、结论和论证是议论文的五个要素。

  揭秘托福作文独立任务满分真相 三大核心不可少

  满分作文的三大核心是结构、内容和语言。

  首先我们先从结构、内容和语言三个方面揭秘托福(课程)作文独立任务得满分的真相。

  以下题为例: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Life today is easier and more comfortable than it was when your grandparents were children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinions.

  一、结构

  按题材划分,独立任务属于议论文,而论点、理由、论据、结论和论证是议论文的五个要素。具体来说,“论点”是文章的核心,“理由”是论点成立的依据,两者构成因果关系;“论据”是对理由的具体解释,多为事例;“结论”是对观点的重申,两者一脉相承、头尾呼应;而整个写作过程就是一个“论证”的过程。

  要想作文得高分,这五要素就必须面面俱到,如此才能写出结构严谨、条理清晰的高分作文

  先上一篇范文(下拉可见全文):

  As society progresses remarkably, tremendous changes have taken place in people’s life. Nevertheless, some senior citizens cherish the memory of good old days with healthy environment and harmonious interpersonal relationships. As far as I’m concerned, despite serious environmental pollution and prevalence of materialism, 【背景介绍,作者给出了两个时代的对比】 I still believe today’s life to be easier and more comfortable than it was when our grandparents were children. 【提出论点】 I am going to elaborate my viewpoint from three aspects as follows. 【过渡句,承上启下】

  To begin with, modern communication technology has changed our lives a lot and provides us with much convenience. 【理由 1】To be more specific, with the wide application of smartphones and the Internet, it is possible for people to contact each other even if they live separately. 【论证为什么理由 1 可以推出观点】 For example, Lily, one of my best friends, is lucky to be admitted into a famous university in America, which means we cannot always hang out together. But thanks to the modern communication technology, we still keep frequent touch with each other on Skype anytime, anywhere. Therefore we feel never apart.

  【例子 1】

  Besides, a variety of means of transportation make it quick and cozy for people to travel. 【理由 2】 Subways, taxis, private cars, high-speed railways shorten the distance between places. 【论证为什么理由 2 可以推出观点】A good example in point is that my grandparents used to live in suburbs, and anytime they want to do some shopping in urban center, it usually took them 2 hours, owing to bumpy roads and low-efficient old-fashioned vehicles. On the contrary, with great improvement of road condition and advanced traffic modes, they only have to spend 20 minutes a most traveling from home to the city. If it is very hot in summer, all modern vehicles are air-conditioned, which can make the trip very comfortable.

  【例子 2】

  Last but not least, today’s ample food supply and various food choices are something beyond imagination in the past. 【理由 3】 Decades ago, in China, all foods used to be arranged by the government. In other words, it was impossible for people to purchase what they liked to eat. 【论证为什么理由 3 可以推出观点】 For example, an average family was only allocated 1 pound of pork and 2 pounds of rice. In contrast, nowadays, we never have to worry about the lack of food because supermarkets and snack bars abound.

  【例子 3】

  To sum up, because of the progress of economy and technology, I am convinced that life at present is more comfortable and easier, which can be well demonstrated through examples of convenient communication, quick and cozy traffic modes and sufficient food supply and choices. 【总结理由,重申观点】 If our government takes efficient measures to solve the environmental problem, our world will become a better place to live.

  【提出建议,展望未来】

  议论文除了五要素,在给出论点之前多会有简单的背景介绍,不需要长,三两句话即可,为论点的提出造势。

版权与免责声明:
①凡本网注明"来源:深港在线综合"的所有作品,均由本网编辑搜集整理,并加入大量个人点评、观点、配图等内容,版权均属于深港在线,未经本网许可,禁止转载,违反者本网将追究相关法律责任。
②本网转载并注明自其它来源的作品,目的在于传递更多信息,并不代表本网赞同其观点或证实其内容的真实性,不承担此类作品侵权行为的直接责任及连带责任。其他媒体、网站或个人从本网转载时,必须保留本网注明的作品来源,并自负版权等法律责任。
③如涉及作品内容、版权等问题,请在作品发表之日起一周内与本网联系,我们将在您联系我们之后24小时内予以删除,否则视为放弃相关权利。
深港橱窗
赞助商
热图推荐
实用信息
频道热点